House property as per the Income-tax Act, 1961 means any building (or land adjacent to such building) owned by assessee himself. House property includes flats, shops, office space, factory sheds, commercial building, agricultural land and farm houses etc.
Type of House Property :
Self occupied property means property which is used by assessee or his family for their own residence. As per the Income-tax Act, if assessee owns more than 1 self occupied properties, only one of them can be claimed as Self occupied property. The taxpayer can choose any beneficial property as his self occupied property. As the owner himself is residing in it, question about rent receivable does not arise. Hence there is no income from self occupied house property, however interest paid on housing loan can be claimed as deduction. If the housing loan is taken to purchase or construct the property, then maximum interest of Rs. 2,00,000/- can be claimed by taxpayer during a financial year.
Let out property means the property which has been let out by an assessee for monetary consideration i.e. rent. The rent received shall be treated as ‘Income from house property’. There is no ceiling limit for claiming deduction of interest on housing loan on let out property.
House property income (rental income) is taxable. Even if house property is not registered in the name of taxpayer, rental income shall be treated as his income because he is enjoying the ownership right viz. possession of such house property.
What are the eligible deductions allowed to be deducted from house property income?
Rental income received by taxpayer is taxable under ” Income from House Property”. However Income Tax Act, 1961 has provided some expenditures under Section 24 which can be claimed as deduction.
There are 2 deductions eligible to be deducted from Net Annual Value of house property namely:
- Standard Deduction of 30% of net annual value.
- Interest on housing loan.